Three votes by the European Parliament in recent years have exposed deep divisions between EU members from the wealthier west and the previously communist east of the bloc.
According to a minister at the Ministry of the Interior in Rome, the deportation of immigrants from Germany will be small and may reach 50 displaced monthly.
Hungarian PM Viktor Orban has vowed to oppose an EU plan aimed at bolstering the bloc's external borders, accusing Brussels of wanting to take away Hungary's control of its own frontiers.
During his annual address to the European Parliament Jean-Claude Juncker unveiled measures to strengthen the asylum system in the Union.
European defence ministers have pledged their support to Operation Sophia, but the Italian government is demanding a change to the rules and calling on other member states to take in migrants.