Up to 10,000 people stranded in refugee camps and detention centres in Libya could be relocated to Europe in 2018, the Italian government has said.
Reports of African migrants being tortured, killed and sold as slaves in Libya have caused a global outcry. The few who manage to escape the horrors carry deep physical and psychological scars.
The European Union and The African Union agree at an emergency meeting an evacuation plan that will allow migrants to be repatriated from Libya.
French President Emmanuel Macron called the trafficking of African migrants a "crime against humanity" on Tuesday as he made his first major address on the continent before a crowd of university students in Burkina Faso.
The European Union should not hinder migrants from leaving Libya, where they are often subject to torture, slave labour and sexual violence, international charity Oxfam warned Wednesday.
More Mediterranean migrant deaths were reported Tuesday, just as aid groups engaged in sea rescues were meeting Italian interior ministry officials to discuss a controversial "code of conduct" for their operations.
EU member states have extended the landmark Sophia rescue operation in the central Mediterranean for another 18 months amid growing concern at the huge number of migrants crossing to Europe.