On September 26 last year, Emmanuel Macron laid out his vision for a reformed EU to blunt the rise of nationalism and ensure the bloc has a future as an independent actor on the world stage.
During his annual address to the European Parliament Jean-Claude Juncker unveiled measures to strengthen the asylum system in the Union.
After years of stinging austerity measures, Greece emerges from its third and last bailout, although officials warn the country still has a "long way to go".
Financial and political stability in Turkey is critical to Europe. But EU leaders are finding it hard to help end an ongoing crisis in Turkey amid long-standing tensions with Ankara.
Greece has received the final 15-billion-euro payment from its eight-year bailout programme in what creditors hailed as proof that tough austerity measures were "paying off".