# Defence and security

Protesters use fences as a barricade during clashes near the police headquarters in Barcelona, on October 18, 2019, on the day that separatists called a general strike and a mass rally. Photo: Pau Barrena / AFP
Protesters use fences as a barricade dur […]

Who are the youths behind the Catalonia protest violence?

The violent protests that have swept Catalonia over the jailing of nine separatist leaders have involved veteran anarchists and youthful troublemakers as well as outraged separatists
A policeman aims an LBD 40 40-millimetre rubber defensive bullet launcher with an attached camera during clashes with protesters in Paris on February 2, 2019
A policeman aims an LBD 40 40-millimetre […]

Riot control guns: the different choices made by European nations

The use of rubber bullets by security forces has become a source of controversy in France because of dozens of injuries to people during violent demonstration by "yellow vest" protesters
04 November 2018, France (France), Straßburg: French President Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte pass the republican guard at a concert for peace in Europe in Strasbourg Cathedral. The occasion is the end of the First World War and the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France 100 years ago. Photo: Sebastian Gollnow/dpa
04 November 2018, France (France), Stra […]

Macron: Europe needs ‘real European army’

French President Emmanuel Macron has warned that Europeans cannot be protected without a European army.